Shoot during the golden hour or in harsh sunlight.
The golden hour is the short period before sunrise or after sunset when the sun is low on the horizon and casts a golden glow. This creates long and soft shadows that can enhance the beauty and mood of your image. Harsh sunlight, on the other hand, creates strong and sharp shadows that can add dimension and drama to your image. Avoid shooting at noon when the sun is directly above you, as this creates unappealing shadows.
Experiment with artificial light.
You can also create interesting shadows at night or indoors using artificial lights, such as lamps, flashlights, candles, or neon signs. You can play with the angle, distance, color, and shape of the light source to create different effects and patterns with the shadows.
Use shapes to create shadows.
You can use objects with distinct shapes, such as leaves, flowers, hands, or letters, to create shadows on your subject or background. You can also cut out shapes from paper or cardboard and place them in front of your light source to create custom shadows.
Try split and Rembrandt lighting for portraits.
Split lighting is a technique where you place your light source on one side of your subject, creating a shadow on the other half of their face. This creates a dramatic and edgy look that can emphasize the shape and features of your subject. Rembrandt lighting is a technique where you place your light source slightly above and to the side of your subject, creating a triangle of light on the cheek opposite the light source. This creates a soft and flattering look that can highlight the expression and emotion of your subject.
Shoot in manual mode.
To capture the best shadows, you need to have full control over your exposure settings. Shooting in manual mode allows you to adjust your aperture, shutter speed, and ISO according to the lighting conditions and the effect you want to achieve. Generally, you want to underexpose your image slightly to make the shadows darker and more visible, but not too much that you lose details in the highlights and midtones.
Set ISO low.
ISO is a measure of how sensitive your camera sensor is to light. A higher ISO means more light, but also more noise and grain in your image. A lower ISO means less light, but also less noise and grain in your image. For shadow photography, you want to keep your ISO as low as possible to preserve the quality and clarity of your image. Ideally, you want to use an ISO of 100 or 200, depending on the available light. If you need more light, you can increase your aperture or decrease your shutter speed instead of increasing your ISO.
Have a lens hood.
A lens hood is a device that attaches to the front of your lens and blocks unwanted light from entering your lens. This can prevent lens flare, which is a phenomenon where bright light sources create streaks or spots of light in your image. Lens flare can ruin your shadow photography by reducing the contrast and clarity of your image. A lens hood can also protect your lens from dust, moisture, and scratches.
Make it black and white.
Black and white photography can enhance the impact and mood of your shadow photography by removing the distraction of colors and emphasizing the tones, shapes, and textures of your image. You can convert your image to black and white using a photo editing software, such as Photoshop or Lightroom, or using a filter on your camera or phone. You can also adjust the brightness, contrast, and sharpness of your image to make the shadows more prominent and dramatic.