Artificial light is something that you cannot afford to ignore as a photographer. Irrespective of whatever your genre is, you will need to use it, at one point or the other in your journey as a photographer. More often than not an artificial light source can be the deal breaker or maker for your photo.
In this article, we will discuss the 4 most common types of artificial light, and when and how to use that.
Top 4 Types Of Artificial Lights That You Should Use
As the name suggests, constant light is a fixed light source. In the case of tethered photography, constant light is almost mandatory. It is the easiest artificial light source to handle. You can check if the shadows are harsh, and make alterations accordingly when you use a constant light source. It is useful for shooting videos too. Moreover, this light comes at a much moderate price compared to other light sources. If you are a beginner, invest in this light without a second thought. Once you get experienced shooting in constant light, you can proceed to use other types of light.
It is the first choice of most professional photographers. The power of the light varies as per the requirement of the shoot. For example, for product photography, you will need to use much higher power than that for editorial photography. A strobe light is the most preferred one in formal shoots. You can also use it as a constant light source. If you love to experiment with lights and shadows, the strobe light will be the most suitable choice for you.
As the name suggests, here you need to set up the lighting in such a way that the light illuminates the subject from one side. Photographers use this lighting to draw the attention of the viewers to one part of the subject and not the whole of it. It creates multiple dimensions in the photo. This type of lighting is easy to arrange and work with. To control the shadow forming on the other side of the subject, use a reflector.
Backlighting refers to keeping the light behind the subject. While it is a very effective technique to brighten your subject, and make your photo more interesting, if you are an absolute beginner, you better refrain from using it. Employ it only after gaining ample experience. Backlighting works wonders in food photography, especially for beverages. It makes the beverage appear much shinier. Just make sure that you place the subject correctly in front of the light because otherwise, the back of the subject will appear too dazzling, and the front portion will look equally shady. Also, it might end up in photos with too much contrast which would look unreal. Also, do not opt for a backlight if there is a possibility of reflection on the subject.
As you got to know by now, each type of commonly used artificial light has its own advantages and disadvantages. You have to use one that is most suitable for a particular shot.
Written By Sanga Basu, Content Writer, WPC.