Sports photography means, to capture the drama and action of all types of sports. Sports Photography is mainly ‘photojournalism with a sporty twist’. Most high-quality sports photographers are dedicated to shooting live events and carry a large amount of equipment and techniques to cover both live action sports meets and the events that surround them.
Sports photography is mainly applied for editorial purposes. Most dedicated photographers work for newspapers, news wire, sports magazines, etc… Sports photography is also used for advertising purposes; it can be used to advertise and build a brand and also to promote and support any sport, which is comparatively difficult to achieve by editorial means.
Types of Sports Photography
1. Indoor Sports Photography–During winters almost all the sports are shifted indoors for the convenience of the players and the audience, so it becomes mandatory for the photographers to know how to shoot indoors just as good as they do outdoors and it needs a lot of effort.
Indoor Sports Photography includes basketball, volleyball, boxing, swimming, shot-put, disk throw, etc…
All of these sports are high in action and requires to be shot at the right moment and with the right camera settings. Indoor photography means that there is less natural light and not much exposure. The ideal camera settings for theindoor shoot can be:-
· Most SLR cameras will allow you to shoot at 1000 or even 1250 ISO, which will reduce your chance for noticeable film grain and because you are indoor, the camera will be more sensitive to the available light.
· Set your camera to TV/200 if you can. You need to capture movement, and fast shutter speed will freeze the movement of the athlete, giving you a clear photo.
· Because you don’t have much available light and you are working with a faster shutter speed, a low aperture setting will be your best option at this point; maybe f4.0 – f2.8
1. Outdoor Sports Photography– Almost all the sports are played outdoors where there is more natural light, full exposure to the Sun and wind blowing all the time. Shooting outdoors can be a tough thing to deal with. Outdoor sports include games like football, baseball, rugby, motor racing, sea surfing, bungee jumping, etc…
All these sports are high in motion and require instant quick shots to get the perfect moment or movement captured. It can be difficult for indoor sports photographers to shoot outside, which is why you should know the ideal camera settings for outdoor sports photography, so here it is:-
· Most digital cameras will produce visible noise in high ISO shots, but then again, a high noise picture is preferred more than the blurry one. When in good light, 100 – 200 ISO should be ideal for a good shot.
· Most outdoor sports are high speed and always in themovement which means that you will need fast shutter speed so as to capture the athletes in the perfect moment. To capture fast motion – around 1/1000th of a second & to capture slow motion – around 1/250th of a second.
· Use continuous (burst) mode to shoot in rapid sequence, it will help in selecting the perfect shot among all the others.
Equipment for Sports Photography
Sports Photography cameras are different from the once we use to capture our holiday pictures and the ones used by wedding photographers or by wildlife photographers. Here are some recommendations, if you want to be a sports photographer:-
· Canon EOS-1DX Mark II and Nikon D5 can also shoot continuously at 14 frames per second (fps) and 12 fps respectively and they can do that for long enough to record Usain Bolt’s entire 100m race. But of course, these cameras cost an absolute packet.
· The Canon 1300D (known as the EOS Rebel T6 in the US) with the 18-55mm lens, and the Nikon D3300with a similar optic. The Nikon D3300 has a couple of advantages over the Canon 1300D including the fact that it has apixel count of 24 million, which means it captures more detail.
· The Panasonic GX8 (with 12-60mm lens) and Fujifilm X-T1 (with 18-55mm lens). Fujifilm’s X-T2 (with the 18-55mm lens) looks particularly exciting as it has some of the auto focusingcustomization options that are normally associated with high-end SLRs.
Having the correct lenses are also really important for good sports photography. You can opt for - Telephoto lenses with large maximum apertures such as f/2.8 or f/4.0are particularly popular for shooting sport because they allow fast shutter speeds to be used as light levels fall. Unfortunately, these so-call ‘long fast’ lenses don’t come cheap.
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